Self-perception theory and other perception
theory assist us in obtaining feedback about ourselves and others in order to increase our
interpersonal effectiveness. Feedback is the process of
self-disclosing how you are reacting to a situation.
Interpersonal effectiveness can be defined as the
degree to which our intentions match up with the consequences of our behavior.
According to Johnson  our interpersonal effectiveness depends upon large part on the
feedback which we receive from others. The quality of feedback depends upon the amount of
self-disclosure. Our interacting with others is a process whereby we observe, participate,
and interpret our reactions and others.
Sociogram of your interpersonal relations. [ Be sure
and send your diagram along with your commentary to your instructor to receive full credit
for the assignment.] A sociogram ]is a diagram in which your interactions may be
analyzed on the basis of attraction and repulsion. These interactions are in large part
projections, i.e., attributions we ascribe to others. These patterns which emerge
from our social atom tend to become interpersonal habit patterns. A
favorite saying I once heard, goes something like this:
" When something happens once, it is an incident, when
something happens twice it is a coincidence, when it happens more than twice it is a
habit, and when it happens frequently it is a life style." -Unknown
If you would like a more in depth analysis, i.e., a socio-analysis, then try
drawing your original (family) social atom i.e., the smallest number of
figures to which you relate and feel are necessary for your psychological existence.
Place each figure according to how close, or distant, you feel
they are in relationship to you.
Draw a circle to represent a female. Draw a triangle to
represent a male and draw a square to represent an objects or an idea.
Place the figures as close to you, or far away, to represent the
feeling you have toward them. Use size as to represent how large of influence the people,
objects, or ideas have over you. Use arrows
to represent a tele
line. "Tele ( from the Greek: far, influence into distance) is feeling of
individuals into one another, the cement which holds groups together.
arrow of the tele line which connects from one figure to another, or
objects, is termed a positive tele. The arrow that
connect toward one figure represents a negative tele. If both
arrows are connected in the same direction then they are reciprocated.
both arrows are not reciprocated then they are incongruent.
example, I drew my Social Atom to
represent my life, as I now interpret it, when I was approximately 5 years old.
See My Social Atom.
The size of my triangle is smaller
in relationship to the other members of my family, since my sisters were older than I
was at the time.[15, 12, and 9 respectively] I grouped the female
figures on my left side and my father and the farm above me on the right side.
My father and mother are much above me and the farm is large and high above
me. Notice my arrows are going toward the figures as positive congruent
tele but in two situations the tele lines are going away from me indicated as
1. J.L. Moreno, Psychodrama,4th
ed. First Volume, Beacon House, Inc. Beacon New York, 1972,p XI